tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle November 5, 2018 9:00pm-9:31pm CET
this is the news from berlin tonight a message from the trumpet ministration to the leaders of iran act like a normal country or watch your economy crumble the u.s. today slapped what he calls the toughest sanctions yet against iran tehran is valid to resist but will ordinary iranians be able to do the same. also coming up u.s. voters gearing up to cast their ballots in midterm elections the vote is being seen
as a referendum on president wrong with a strong showing democrats could start to his plans for the next two years the polls in the united states open in less than twenty four hours from now and the fate of a christian woman accused of blasphemy in pakistan hangs in the balance tonight pakistan's information minister talks to you in an exclusive interview about the woman's future. it's good to have you with us tonight iran is valen to resist u.s. sanctions designed to cripple its economy a sweeping penalties targeting the country's vital oil and financial sectors are now in force and washington is promising to pile religious pressure on tehran after pulling out of a nuclear deal. in may the u.s.
wants to force iran to abandon its weapons programs iran's president hassan rouhani says that his country is in an economic war with the u.s. and that the same sions will cause ordinary iranians to suffer. iranians think carefully about what they buy these days especially when it comes to luxury goods this woman says she mostly window shops because of the economic hardship. given. to hop on over the shafts and high prices negatively impact every individual and every family it was a hobby horses the people used to be happier. now whenever they want to buy something they have to weigh up whether they really need it or not. the real soldiers. food prices have doubled over the past year just under the threat of sanctions long before they took effect. iran's national currency
the reale has lost more than two thirds of its value over the past twelve months in relation to the us dollar. devaluation of the currency threatens my existence other people's existence the psychological pressure means people queue up to buy dollars to be on the software side. now that u.s. sanctions are in force the situation is likely to deteriorate further. high prices have also put medicine out of reach for many. who are get up there were questions for medicine have changed a lot maybe eighty percent can't buy my own medicine and i haven't taken it in two months. some are angry at the us of this at their own government. we've never really lived without sanctions we don't even know what it feels like or whether our lives would improve then and that is thanks to our own government the
better try to go along the border still. facing economic isolation terror and has pledged to overcome the sanctions it says the measures and fair and illegal war that have i jack we are in a situation of economic world. confronting the bullying enemy yesterday we faced saddam hussein today we face trump there's no difference. the victims of the sanctions of the poor and the middle classes it's the ordinary people of iran who suffer most. and with me here at the big table now is our very own research oprah she has reported numerous times from inside iran tonight she's here at the big table with this is good to see if your recent let's talk about what the top u.s. envoy to iran brian took what he said today is that iranians have lost their confidence in the clerical establishment stiff how supportive do you think iranians are of their leaders tonight well that of course very much depends on who you ask
because iran society is pretty much split up and those who support their leaders no matter what they do in those who have very critical and what probably many as other people who are right in between those two groups and to convince them that iranian government just trying to reduce the impact of the sanctions on ordinary iranians for example they're already handing out food baskets for families with low incomes and that's the thing they're doing the hope to ease that but of course if things get worse there might be more protests that was is the regime of freight of them or the afraid of of poor people or the middle class rising up yeah of course that's what they're always accusing the u.s. off like that they're fueling regimes. but even if there are protests it doesn't mean regime changes are on the ground there are. these stay the ject of the trump administration it says here is to stop all the renewed crude oil exports is that it's evil well apparently right now the answer is no because the u.s.
administration issued aid waivers to its ban on buying iranian oil several country a country is like china india japan and turkey washington says those eight have demonstrated that they're already reducing the amount of all they're buying that. it's a special situation in that they don't want to disrupt the energy markets but still if prices went up after sections come into effect there's a huge exceptions that china india turkey regionally tehran has tried to assert its growing influence with these sanctions will they force it to rein in some of its activities well so far the iranian leadership has not shown any signs of backing down to washington of course and the government has always rejected fresh negotiations because they say they wouldn't get anything in return if they made changes to their bodies taking the program on their foreign policy and it's also very important to see that those are issues that the iranian government doesn't even fully control because it's in the hands of the revolutionary guards and they are like a very poetical group their west assigned to save the islamic revolution so they
don't really are afraid of confrontation with washington and tehran says it's going to bypass these things and tells you to do that while they have a lot of practice doing that because during the past decades for a number of years there were sanctions in place and some people actually very beds rich like bypassing the sanctions they use like foreign bank accounts in other countries or just relabel goods they want for import and this time iran is not even alone in this task because also the europeans the chinese and russia say they want to find ways to still trade with iran all right or course want to restructure here is the big deal with this tonight there's always sort of thank you. ministrations foreign policy is one issue that is weighing on the minds of u.s. voters ahead of. elections both democrats and republicans are currently making their final appeals to voters the. democrats are hoping to cash
in on dissatisfaction with his presidency and win back control of congress we're going to washington in just a moment but first a look at what's at stake in these midterms. the midterms are first and foremost about congress and they can make or break a president's agenda republican control of both the house of representatives and the senate has made life relatively easy so far but if democrats flip one or even both houses the good times may be over the entire house all four hundred thirty five seats up for election as they are every two years republicans currently hold two hundred thirty five democrats one hundred ninety three seats that's a lot of the two hundred eighteen majority mark but democrats hope that the slew of republicans leaving their seats this year with enough anti trump fury among voters will deliver them to the house so all eyes are on the thirty or so toss ups races
that polling data have is too close to call. on the senate side republicans rule with the slimmest of majorities fifty one of one hundred seats sounds like good news for democrats but only thirty five seats up for election twenty six are ones democrats and independents allied with them need to defend that makes victory harder polling data suggest maybe just six seats in all are toss ups as the minority party democrats have been limited in effectively resisting trying but what if they win in both the house and senate they could block his agenda and introduce their own they could investigate the myriad allegations of abuse and misconduct facing trump. in the senate democrats could reject. appointees up for important positions and they could impeach a long and fraught process that starts in the house and ends in the senate democrats have history on their sign as the president's party usually suffers in the midterms and whether that trend stays true won't be clear until ballots are
here. and that's where they will be this time tomorrow night for now let's go to the u.s. capitol my colleague oversell it joins me now from washington good evening to you oliver so why is there so much interest in a way that doesn't involve picking a new u.s. president well you're right donald trump is not even on the ballot himself but he made this an election all about him and he's basically fighting for approval off his america first policies his policies of protectionism tariffs the tax cuts and also withdrawals from international agreements that we've seen in recent months so what's here at stake is the control of chambres of american congress as we've just heard in your report. on the house of representatives as well as the senate now if the republicans were to defend their. year which they currently hold
that would not only mean approval of donald trump's politics of recent of the last two years but it would also empower him to carry on just the way he did in the past and now if the democrats would gain the upper hand say for instance in the house which is the most likely scenario right now that would weaken donald trump the democrats could then block certain policies and they could also trigger an impeachment process something that donald trump wants to avoid at all costs over what key races should we be looking for to morrow. well as always in the u.s. elections it's about the battlegrounds and it's about certain states and in some states the situation is pretty clear where us in other states we're looking at very tight races and one of the most close one of the closest watched races is in the southern state of georgia where democrat stacey average is the form a minority leader in the georgia house of representatives is trying to become the
first female african american a governor in american history and her opponent which is the current secretary of state brian camp is fighting fiercely against her and he launched a probe off the democrats of georgia over an alleged hacking attempt to doesn't have any proof of that and the democrats call this also an election stunt but it certainly reflects the overall atmosphere here in these midterm elections that are all about rhetoric of division and of all of winning at all costs you will said there are correspondent oversoul it's on the story for us tonight in washington over thank you for the fate of a pakistani christian woman is back in the hands of the country's supreme court tonight islam is hard liners have filed an appeal reversing her acquittal on blasphemy charges of bibi's spent eight years on death row before supreme court
ruling found her innocent last week but she's been stopped from leaving pakistan pending the appeal of speaking at a press conference in the hague her warrior today said that he had fled the country fearing for his life after hardline violence erupted following news of the acquittal. of the w. spoke with pakistan's information minister a short while ago when we asked him whether own z.b.b. is safe to remain in pakistan is it safe for her to do that given the violence and the intense anger over this case. she is a she has been particularly but the security around on in the streets. i think quite confident they're choosing she's pretty face she is popular cool to see and she is obviously not good not in custody and but because the for security she is. she's under under security
are there was the information minister of pakistan speaking with us a short while ago here's some of the other stories now that are making headlines around the world video has emerged reportedly showing some of around eighty students kidnapped from a school in the city of mendelian in the western english speaking part of cameroon it's believed that they were taken by a group of separatists waging an armed struggle for independence in the majority french speaking country. saudi arabia has told the united nations that it will prosecute the alleged perpetrators in the killing of journalist and jamal khashoggi of this as a newspaper in turkey reports that they sold eighteen purportedly sent to investigate the slaying in istanbul instead worked to remove evidence. well the controversial head of germany's domestic security intelligence agency huns georg muscle you see right there has been ordered to take immediate retirement the country's interior
minister today made that announcement now he has been under pressure to drop mohsen ever since back in august when he appeared to downplay violence against my it's. it's day here in germany the parties in the country's fragile governing coalition where they've been confronting their futures at a second day of talks here in berlin help or showings in recent state elections have left both the christian democratic union and their junior coalition partner the social democrats scrambling to chart a new path the center left s.p.d. is facing deep skepticism over its role in this so-called grand coalition government and for chancellor angela merkel's conservatives the race is on to succeed her as leader of the party. since uncle americal announced that she will give up the conservative party leadership many have been worried that it may weaken head international standing but the chancellor refused it that does i think
the democratic search for a new party leader is common practice in other countries as well i'm not worried about that in any way as a whole. at the start of the second day of the cd use party leadership meeting the mood was visibly good it says if merkel's decision to step down as party leader in the upcoming race for her successor have lifted the conservative spirits. that we have a selection process now it's going to get really exciting at the regional conferences party members are looking forward to meeting the candidates and finding out what they stand for it'll be democracy at its best. i think other parties would welcome this it invigorates the c.d.u. it motivates the party more really is yet across town the social democrats had also gathered to discuss their future in the governing coalition after bruising results
in two recent station lections their leader. was under pressure to shop and her party's profile. message was one of solidarity and it was underlined by nonis giving her statement flanked by her party colleagues. you have months ago hacked we stand united we believe in the power of cohesion and about sort of us were convinced that nothing is missing from our country more than a political party that stands for solidarity within society above all else and that party is the s.p.d. does is the s.p.d. . asked whether an exit from the governing coalition was discussed it was brief night no that did not come up to him. the after weeks of speculation about the future of the coalition it seems the s.p.d. is set to carry on until medical successor is chosen at least.
germany's problems are nothing compared to italy's problems stephen is here now with a look at the any use budget problems with italy that's right there going on and the pressure is growing on italy to reach raul its twenty one thousand budget plan at a meeting in brussels eurozone finance ministers lined up behind the e.u. commission in this row with italy brussels has rejected italy's spending plan an unprecedented move and given the country a few weeks to submit a new version i tell you prime minister josep a contact has said there is no plan b. to his program which is big on deficit spending. now for more on the meeting let's turn to our brussels correspondent georg matis georg we've heard already a lot from brussels about at least budget what did we hear today from euro zone members themselves a finance ministers here in brussels were pretty really united when it comes to italy's fifty mond of the commission rather hear that italy should hand in
a new draft budgets they spoke of dialogue as well that so that showed some room of flexibility but the advice for instance from the french finance minister was very clear take the hand that has been reached out to you from the e.u. commission send in a new budget. so what happens next what's the next step. well the next step is that it's only has time until the thirteenth of november to hand in this new budget if they missed that deadline the commission decides could decide to slap them with a fine with a financial fine there's a whole hierarchy of fines they they could face and that could be decided as early as in the next euro in the next your own group here so it would be finance ministers who have to decide whether they actually want to find italy i'm guessing that will take some time to figure out if there's going to be a fine and then working within the system which is likely to happen first that the e.u. punishes italy or the markets for its defiance why if it comes to fines the e.u.
is not exactly a speedboat so if you just have to look at the numbers if you want an answer in what i can see here is borrowing costs have actually upwards ever since the commission has rejected the telly and draft budget then of course you have the credit ratings what i can see here is downgraded towards junk territory so there you have your answer it'll be markets which will be much quicker but of course built into this is that the markets punish italie than the e.u. itself is punished too can the e.u. really afford for elite to be punished whether by itself or by the markets that's really the dilemma here the use walking a tight rope on the one hand they do want to show and all ministers today emphasize this the rules are working you've got to stick to the rules if you're in the clip of nineteen countries who have the euro as a currency as a common currency on the other hand they face the dilemma that they do not want to enlarge the rift between roman brussels they do not want to fuel euro skepticism in
italy seeing that italy is the euro zone's third largest economy do you sense that there's room to compromise on either side of this debate right now. hard to say it misses very determined that they do want italy to change this italians have indicated that they're not so flexible everyone here has violated more or less against these rules but nobody has been as consciously doing this as as multibody today as as the italians have done it now and so i think there is little flexibility here in brussels from the other members of the eurozone. so a bit of brinksmanship there before hopefully something actually happens is there for us in brussels thanks. open for business that's been china's message during its trade dispute with the u.s. beijing has colored itself as a champion of global free trade while washington puts up barriers that's also the carefully calibrated message behind an import fair being held this week in shanghai
but the reality isn't so simple as our correspondent sperling a reports. the chinese government wants this fair to be seen as an event that stands for free trade industrial robots aerospace technology and vehicles are among the many items on display but this is an ordinary industry fair it's a show and it aims to highlight china's role in the business world some three thousand six hundred companies from nearly one hundred seventy countries and regions are taking part. time to shine but it is a fair appears to be a very good platform to position ourselves politically. and here to sell products. we want to continue to position our company and promote ourselves. because it's unusual because that's what. the five day here targets a wide audience a variety of forums and workshops underscore the message that the chinese
government wants to send amid the trade dispute with the u.s. . from me and i just said. the fair shows that china is an open generous country in global trade. whereas the us unnecessarily launched the trade war and now symbolizes protectionism and you need a letter alyssum. them to end but foreign companies also say that china isn't really an open market they face a number of barry is such as import tariffs rules that force companies to create joint ventures with local firms disadvantages when it comes to tenders at and industries that are closed off for foreign companies but china's huge market remains attractive despite the trade war. i've been doing our whole course staying out of it or somewhere in the middle we sell to both countries both countries are imports and i wouldn't rank them. washington has increased tariffs and impose new
ones on chinese products in recent months and now the chinese government is ready to hit back. maybe you've heard of the hyperloop now here's a first look at the tunnel that makes it possible tech entrepreneur elon musk who is behind the project has tweeted a video after apparently walking the full length of a two mile long tunnel that's been dug out for texting testing next month members of the public will also get to ride the shuttle pods once the tests are completed the ambitious project is supposed to change how we travel by shooting capsules through the tunnel at nine hundred kilometers an hour. and go back to bed with more this is a way they can build their lives in the states if they can't build high speed trains they can go hyper weaves maybe go to thank you or cuban americans injured and camilla cabello was the top winner at the m.t.v. music awards taking home for accolades including best artist the show in these spanish city of bilbao also featured a stellar performance by singer janet jackson. and the way the ladies took charge
of this year's emmy that. got me. leading the charge was twenty one year old coming like a bale the crowd roared as she scooped up a whopping four awards at the m.t.v. europe music awards in bilbao spain she took stage again and again picking up the best video best usaac best song and best artist. the movie the endless espanol and it's. the cuban american singer was propelled to stardom just last year when her hit havana climb to number one on several charts around the world. that. another leading lady stepped forward to receive the global icon award zuni cxi. janet jackson moved the audience with her me to acceptance speech
after more than forty years of fighting her way through the male dominated music industry. i am one of those women. women who have been gagged both literally and emotionally women who have been abused women who have been intimidated women who have lived in fear i stand with you you are the son. checks and says artist all share responsibility to speak out against gender inequality crosses all borders recognizes the dignity of all people and of firms the beauty of all faiths. the. diva nicki minaj also went home with both hands full she won the awards for best look and best hip hop that has historic. they offered little room for
a female megastars. out on the red carpet the night's big winner coming to bail offered advice about following one's dreams as well as this message to us fans. thank you. it was a star studded night led by the ladies in spain. that's right go vote and after a short break i'll be back to take you through the day tonight we're going to talk about the need before that big election in the u.s. stick around for that.
thousand sixty minutes d w. you can tell a lot about a society by its garbage. the first it's worthless for the rich but for many people it offers their own chance of survival africa is among the most unequal regions in the world. i could be lunch for today just like that. our reporters travel to nairobi and more and meet people know the true value of garbage. it has created a thriving parallel economy that's been completely ignored by the financial markets but what does all this mean for economic inequality around the world google as a starting place was the response to that statement should be yes we are starting
to as we walk here because brits hot. and disrupt and you go to. the rich. and the trust an exclusive report starts nov seventeenth d w. in just a few hours the world will witness the u.s. midterm election american democracy in all its by mary brutality republicans versus democrats blue states versus red states jobs and mops tonight two presidents are closing out the campaign one with a plea to trust in the truth the other with promises propped up with everything but i'm burnt off in berlin this is the day.